Whose sustainability? Discovering civic agency for the future Indian city

The UN’s World Commission on Environment and Development, also known as the Bruntland Commission, defined sustainable development in 1987 as development “that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.” The ‘future generations’ are key stakeholders in the process of achieving sustainability but it is […]


Inclusion of Wastewater treatment for funding for < 1 lakh population cities under the current Swachhta Mission: Prospects and Challenges

The Government of India has been pushing the agenda of Wastewater management with the launch of SBM 2.0. Complete FSM and Wastewater management for cities with < 1 lakh population is expected to be proposed under the mission.  While FSSM and wastewater management needs of cities with population of more than 1 lakh are addressed […]


Heritage Conservation in the Emerging Indian City – II : India’s World Heritage Cities and Living Sites: Quo Vadis?

The walled city of Ahmedabad, founded by Sultan Ahmad Shah in the 15th century, and The city of Jaipur, founded in 1727 by Maharaja JaiSingh II (1693-1744) were both designated as UNESCO World Heritage Cities in 2017 and 2019 respectively. Their UNESCO inscription procedure mandates the creation of Conservation Management Plans binding on the State, […]


Heritage Conservation in the Emerging Indian City – I : The Future of 20th Century architecture in Indian Cities – (Un)Learning from Chandigarh, Delhi, Ahmedabad and Mumbai

This session will straddle the apparent contradiction of UNESCO World Heritage designations versus the demolition of iconic buildings in India’s recent history. For example, the Chandigarh Capitol Complex, designed by Le Corbusier was inscribed a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2016. The Victorian Gothic and Art Deco Ensembles of Mumbai – a collection of 19th-century […]

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Business of Sanitation

Reinventing urban sanitation through innovation Over half the world currently does not have access to safe sanitation, meaning they have a dirty unsafe toilet or no toilet at all, waste is left exposed and untreated, and disease can run rampant. Sanitation systems have been considered a costly public responsibility; however, this is strongly linked to […]


People’s Participation in City Planning: Bottom-up planning; Participatory Design; Consultative Practice – How do we generate inclusive and people-centric cities?

Delhi Development Authority is in the process of preparing the new master plan which will be applicable for a 20 year period from 2021- 41. As of March 2021,  Delhi Development Authority (DDA) has organized very limited online public consultations where citizens, CSOs, and campaigns could raise their voices. These public consultations are a great […]