Bus Rapid Transit System

Study to examine and provide feedback on the Bus rapid transit system in Pune and Ahmedabad.

A city like Ahmedabad, which has won many awards for its BRTS, and Pune, which is the first BRTS in India, both have a functioning BRTS and is work in-progress for expansion. With the initiation of Smart Cities, AMRUT and other projects on urban development and investment where BRT is on the investment agenda of many cities, the near absence of un-biased feedback leading to experiential learning is a handicap for the cities that are opting for the BRT system now. Therefore, INHAF is working on an advocacy effort through a study that looks at the BRTS’ working, acceptance, performance, financial viability, strengths and weaknesses in Pune and Ahmedabad. The aim is to provide feedback on all aspects of BRTS, which is intended to weigh the decision making of BRTS expansion plans. This is an effort to demystify the BRTS, its terminology and technology, in India. It’s the first-ever people-centered report on an extensive public facility. Whatever exists on BRTS is either given by authorities, media, or consultants; it has never been seen from the people’s/user’s perspective, as our report attempts to capture. It is a very detailed, involved, knowledge-based analysis of the system which does not neglect even the technical part. We have collected our information through multiple sources: focus group discussions with people from different sectors of society, interviews with experts, surveys of BRTS- and non-BRTS- users, media analysis, and extensive secondary data.

PDPL is an exploratory study initiated by INHAF in Pune to involve the urban poor in defining the poverty line themselves. Pune has several dynamic unions and organizations of the urban poor who are sensitive to the impact that the poverty line has on their entitlements, benefits and development. With these member-based unions and organizations of the poor as partners, INHAF piloted the Poor Defining Poverty Line Initiative in xxxx, inspired by the Asian Coalition for Housing Rights that conducted a similar study in 6 Asian countries between 2013 and 2014.

This work is seen as a special contribution to the poverty debate as also a rethink on the strategies, plans and projects for poverty reduction. It is possibly one of the first such efforts in the country’s urban sector and is meant to:

a) highlight the need for and the virtue of the bottom-up way of defining and measuring poverty, a subject of national concern and development planning and action (the poor who live poverty are well equipped to define it )
b) develop and demonstrate a participatory, consultative and community engaging methodology in doing so
c) contribute to demystification of the poverty line, at the top and the bottom, at the government and the city level
d) highlight the known deficiencies and inadequacies of the existing definition and the measuring method—the uni-dimensional, nutrition-based poverty line—to ascertain that poverty is a multifaceted and multidimensional phenomenon. 


  • 1000 person survey carried out to capture people’s views on the Pune BRTS in xxx.
    Compilation on secondary data, interviews with experts and stakeholders, users, social media survey, media analysis, focus group discussions undertaken in Ahmedabad in xxx.